Το σχολείο του μέλλοντος, σχεδιασμένο από τον Τάκη Ζενέτο το 1969-1972.

Ο Τάκης Ζενέτος ήταν ένας σπουδαίος Ερευνητής-Αρχιτέκτονας με εξαιρετικά πρωτοποριακές ιδέες, δεν ήταν μόνο το «στρογγυλό σχολείο», που τυχαίνει να παρουσιάσω στο άρθρο αυτό, αλλά όλα όσα είχε σχεδιάζει με ένα μοναδικό τρόπο. Ήταν τόσο πρωτοποριακός που και ο ίδιος αντιλαμβανόταν τη δυσκολία υλοποίησης των έργων του.

Ένα εξαιρετικό άρθρο της καθημερινής στις 28-5-2017 με τίτλο Το σύμπαν του Τάκη Ζενέτου, από τον Σάκη Ιωαννίδη, αναφέρει πολλά για την ζωή του και όχι μόνο. http://www.kathimerini.gr/911343/article/epikairothta/ellada/to-sympan-toy-takh-zenetoy

Το σχολείο αυτό του αρχιτέκτονα Τάκη Ζενέτου, ήταν και θα είναι για πολύ ακόμα φαντάζομαι, ασυνήθιστο για τα ελληνικά δεδομένα. Ήθελε, πιστεύω, να αντιμετωπίσει το πρόβλημα του εκπαιδευτικού συστήματος γενικά και όχι μιας οικοδομικής κτηριακής επίλυσης της εποχής. Είναι εύκολο να το καταλάβει κάποιος, αν μελετήσει λίγο τον τρόπο που θα γίνετε η διδασκαλία μέσα σε αυτό. Γραμμική κυκλική διάταξη των αιθουσών και σύνδεσή τους με εξωτερικό διάδρομο, το οποίο σύστημα αυτό μένει αναλλοίωτο επί 150 χρόνια. Βασικό μέλημα του Ζενέτου ήταν η μετάβαση του εκπαιδευτικού συστήματος από το ισχύον σύστημα στο μελλοντικό. Την μετάβαση αυτή θα την πραγματοποιούσε σε 3 φάσεις.  Στην 1η φάση τοποθετούνται 3 αυτόνομες μονάδες των 160 ατόμων (40 ανά τάξη) γύρω από τον πυρήνα των μελλοντικών οπτικοακουστικών χρήσεων. Η κτηριολογική οργάνωση εξυπηρετεί τις ανάγκες του συμβατικού προγράμματος διδασκαλίας. Στη 2η φάση διατηρούνται οι 3 μονάδες με 120 άτομα (30 ανά τάξη), και προβλέπεται πειραματική λειτουργία των ψηφιακών μέσων στη διδασκαλία, ενώ στην 3η φάση υπάρχουν 2 μονάδες των 120 ατόμων (20 ανά τάξη) με πλήρη λειτουργία των νέων τεχνολογικών μέσων στη διδασκαλία.

Επίσης πραγματοποίησε και ένα σχέδιο στο οποίο δείχνει τις μελλοντικές πληρώσεις του ψηφιακού πυρήνα του σχολείου με χώρους κυκλωμάτων τηλεόρασης, εγκαταστάσεις ολογραφικών προπλασμάτων, χώρους τεχνικού προσωπικού κ.ά. Βέβαια, το σχέδιο αυτό είναι αντιπροσωπευτικό, αν και αρκετά επεξεργασμένο, δεν περιμένει ο Ζενέτος την πλήρη υλοποίηση του, αλλά εκφράζει τις συνθήκες και τη λογική που θεωρεί ο ίδιος πως θα υπάρχουν στην τελική φάση υλοποίησης. (Πηγή: el.wikipedia.org)

Μπορεί ο Ζενέτος να μην είναι ιδιαίτερα γνωστός όμως με τα έργα του συμβαίνει ακριβώς το αντίθετο, σκεφτείτε το θέατρο του Λυκαβηττού, το εργοστάσιο του Φιξ στη λεωφόρο Συγγρού.

Στο βίντεο παρακάτω, μπορείτε να δείτε τον κ. Πάνο Δραγώνα, Καθηγητής Τμήματος Αρχιτεκτόνων – Μηχανικών Πάτρας, να μιλάει και να αναλύει το έργο του Ζενέτου.

 

Πολυξένη Γκιούρη

Ελλάδα 22-1-2019

 

97 Σκέψεις στο “Το στρογγυλό σχολείο του Αγίου Δημητρίου.”

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