Η πρώτη κινηματογραφική προβολή στην Ελλάδα έγινε μόλις ένα χρόνο μετά από την παγκόσμια.

Η Εξέλιξη της φωτογραφίας, στις τελευταίες δεκαετίας του 19ου αι, ήταν αυτή που έφερε στην ανθρωπότητα τον κινηματογράφο. Οι πρώτες επιτυχημένες προβολές γίνονται σχεδόν ταυτόχρονα από τρεις εφευρέτες και ιδιοκτήτες εργοστασίων παραγωγής φωτογραφικών ειδών. Τον Αμερικάνο εφευρέτη ηλεκτρισμού, Τόμας Έντισον (Thomas Alva Edison) και τους Γάλλους εφευρέτες και ιδιοκτήτες εργοστασίων παραγωγής φωτογραφικών ειδών, τους αδερφούς  Άυγουστος και Λουδοβίκος Λυμιέρ (Auguste και Louis Lumiere). Οι αδερφοί Λυμιέρ είναι οι πρώτοι που κατάφεραν να κατασκευάσουν μηχανές λήψης (κάμερες) και προβολής σε οθόνη, να γυρίσουν ταινίες και να τις προβάλουν στο κοινό. Αν σκεφτούμε ότι η τεχνολογία, ακόμα και στις μέρες μας έρχεται πολύ αργότερα σε χώρες όπως την δική μας, σκεφτείτε πόσο σπουδαίο επίτευγμα είναι, το ότι η πρώτη δημόσια προβολή κινούμενης εικόνας σε οθόνη και με εισιτήριο, έγινε στις 28 Δεκεμβρίου του 1895, στο Γκραν καφέ στο Παρίσι, ενώ στην Ελλάδα, μόλις ένα χρόνο μετά, δηλαδή 28 Δεκεμβρίου 1896 σε μια αίθουσα που ενοικιάστηκε ειδικά γι αυτό το σκοπό, στην οδό Κολοκοτρώνη πίσω από την παλιά Βουλή.

Οι πρώτες κινηματογραφικές προβολές στην Αθήνα αλλά και στις επαρχιακές πόλεις γίνονταν κατά κανόνα σε υπαίθριους χώρους. Γύρω στο τέλος της πρώτης δεκαετίας του 20ου αι. χτίζονται και τα κινηματοθέατρα, δηλαδή κινηματογραφικές αίθουσες που διέθεταν και σκηνή με υποδομή για να φιλοξενήσει θεατρικές παραστάσεις.

Στα τέλη της πρώτης δεκαετίας του 20ου αι. ο Ντέιβιντ Γουώρκ Γκρίφφιθ στρέφεται πρώτος στη λογοτεχνία, και ειδικά στο μυθιστόρημα, προκειμένου να αντλήσει υποθέσεις για τις σύντομης ακόμα διάρκειας ταινίες του. Από το 1908 ως το 1916 επεξεργάζεται τις αφηγηματικές δυνατότητες του κινηματογράφου, μέσω των διαφορετικών γωνιών λήψης και μοντάζ και μαζί του ξεκινά η γραμματική της κινηματογραφικής γλώσσας.

66 Σκέψεις στο “Κινηματογράφος και ιστορία”

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